New J&E study on National Energy and Climate Plans

Category: Climate Change

According to Euractiv, just over half of European Union countries have submitted their final national energy and climate plans (NECPs) to the European Commission by the 1 January deadline, a senior official has said, warning that the EU executive will soon publish the full list of lagging countries online.

In 2019, Justice & Environment compiled a questionnaire concerning the planning process of the first draft NECPs focusing on transparency and public participation on national level. We covered nine EU countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.

Member states involved in our research have only partly met the requirements of the Energy Union Governance Regulation. Transparency was not sufficiently ensured, the draft NECPs, their background documentation and the timetable of the relevant procedural steps, were not available in majority of the involved countries. The intensity of the public consultations and involvement varies from country to country, but in general, the public consultations were assessed as very poor to more inclusive.

In addition to this, Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) procedures are ongoing in a few countries or coming in 2020. We have formulated a few recommendations in order to have more participative SEA and NECP planning in the future, which you can read HERE: